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2011 HM102: Discovery of a High-inclination L5 Neptune Trojan in the Search for a Post-Pluto New Horizons Target

Parker, Alex H. and Buie, Marc W. and Osip, David J. and Gwyn, Stephen D. J. and Holman, Matthew J. and Borncamp, David M. and Spencer, John R. and Benecchi, Susan D. and Binzel, Richard P. and DeMeo, Francesca E. and Fabbro, Sébastian and Fuentes, Cesar I. and Gay, Pamela L. and Kavelaars, J. J. and McLeod, Brian A. and Petit, Jean-Marc and Sheppard, Scott S. and Stern, S. Alan and Tholen, David J. and Trilling, David E. and Ragozzine, Darin A. and Wasserman, Lawrence H. and The Ice Hunters, (2013) 2011 HM102: Discovery of a High-inclination L5 Neptune Trojan in the Search for a Post-Pluto New Horizons Target. The Astronomical Journal, 145 (4). p. 96. ISSN 1538-3881

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Publisher’s or external URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/145/4/96

Abstract

We present the discovery of a long-term stable L5 (trailing) Neptune Trojan in data acquired to search for candidate trans-Neptunian objects for the New Horizons spacecraft to fly by during an extended post-Pluto mission. This Neptune Trojan, 2011 HM102, has the highest inclination (29.°4) of any known member of this population. It is intrinsically brighter than any single L5 Jupiter Trojan at HV ~ 8.18. We have determined its gri colors (a first for any L5 Neptune Trojan), which we find to be similar to the moderately red colors of the L4 Neptune Trojans, suggesting similar surface properties for members of both Trojan clouds. We also present colors derived from archival data for two L4 Neptune Trojans (2006 RJ103 and 2007 VL305), better refining the overall color distribution of the population. In this document we describe the discovery circumstances, our physical characterization of 2011 HM102, and this object's implications for the Neptune Trojan population overall. Finally, we discuss the prospects for detecting 2011 HM102 from the New Horizons spacecraft during its close approach in mid- to late-2013.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: Copyright 2013. The American Astronomical Society.
ID number or DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/145/4/96
Keywords: kuiper-belt objects; minor planets; asteroids; solar system;
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > Physics and Astronomy
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2016 21:21
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/1863

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