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Characterization of ceftazidime resistance mechanisms in clinical isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei from Australia

Sarovich, Derek S. and Price, Erin P. and Schulze, Alex T. Von and Cook, James M. and Mayo, Mark and Watson, Lindsey M. and Richardson, Leisha and Seymour, Meagan L. and Tuanyok, Apichai and Engelthaler, David M. and Pearson, Talima and Peacock, Sharon J. and Currie, Bart J. and Keim, Paul and Wagner, David M. (2012) Characterization of ceftazidime resistance mechanisms in clinical isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei from Australia. PLoS ONE, 7 (2). e30789. ISSN 1932-6203

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Publisher’s or external URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030789


Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes the serious human disease, melioidosis. There is no vaccine against melioidosis and it can be fatal if not treated with a specific antibiotic regimen, which typically includes the third-generation cephalosporin, ceftazidime (CAZ). There have been several resistance mechanisms described for B. pseudomallei, of which the best described are amino acid changes that alter substrate specificity in the highly conserved class A β-lactamase, PenA. In the current study, we sequenced penA from isolates sequentially derived from two melioidosis patients with wild-type (1.5 μg/mL) and, subsequently, resistant (16 or ⩾256 μg/mL) CAZ phenotypes. We identified two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that directly increased CAZ hydrolysis. One SNP caused an amino acid substitution (C69Y) near the active site of PenA, whereas a second novel SNP was found within the penA promoter region. In both instances, the CAZ resistance phenotype corresponded directly with the SNP genotype. Interestingly, these SNPs appeared after infection and under selection from CAZ chemotherapy. Through heterologous cloning and expression, and subsequent allelic exchange in the native bacterium, we confirmed the role of penA in generating both low-level and highlevel CAZ resistance in these clinical isolates. Similar to previous studies, the amino acid substitution altered substrate specificity to other β-lactams, suggesting a potential fitness cost associated with this mutation, a finding that could be exploited to improve therapeutic outcomes in patients harboring CAZ resistant B. pseudomallei. Our study is the first to functionally characterize CAZ resistance in clinical isolates of B. pseudomallei and to provide proven and clinically relevant signatures for monitoring the development of antibiotic resistance in this important pathogen.

Item Type: Article
ID number or DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030789
Keywords: Amino acids; amplification; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Australia; beta-lactamase; Burkholderia pseudomallei; Ceftazidime; Cephalosporins; Drug Resistance, Bacterial; expression; Gene Knockout Techniques; Genes, Bacterial; Genetic Complementation Test; Gram-negative bacteria; Humans; Melioidosis; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Mutation; pseudomonas-pseudomallei; recurrent melioidosis; regions; relapse; Sequence Analysis, DNA; susceptibility
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > Biological Sciences
Research Centers > Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2015 17:51
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/1697

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