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The solar neighborhood. XXXIV. a search for planets orbiting nearby M dwarfs using astrometry

Lurie, John C. and Henry, Todd J. and Jao, Wei-Chun and Quinn, Samuel N. and Winters, Jennifer G. and Ianna, Philip A. and Koerner, David W. and Riedel, Adric R. and Subasavage, John P. (2014) The solar neighborhood. XXXIV. a search for planets orbiting nearby M dwarfs using astrometry. The Astronomical Journal, 148 (5). pp. 91-103. ISSN 1538-3881


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Publisher’s or external URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/148/5/91


Astrometric measurements are presented for seven nearby stars with previously detected planets: six M dwarfs (GJ 317, GJ 667C, GJ 581, GJ 849, GJ 876, and GJ 1214) and one K dwarf (BD-10 -3166). Measurements are also presented for six additional nearby M dwarfs without known planets, but which are more favorable to astrometric detections of low mass companions, as well as three binary systems for which we provide astrometric orbit solutions. Observations have baselines of 3 to 13 years, and were made as part of the RECONS long-term astrometry and photometry program at the CTIO/SMARTS 0.9 m telescope. We provide trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions for all 16 systems, and perform an extensive analysis of the astrometric residuals to determine the minimum detectable companion mass for the 12 M dwarfs not having close stellar secondaries. For the six M dwarfs with known planets, we are not sensitive to planets, but can rule out the presence of all but the least massive brown dwarfs at periods of 2–12 years. For the six more astrometrically favorable M dwarfs, we conclude that none have brown dwarf companions, and are sensitive to companions with masses as low as 1 for periods longer than two years. In particular, we conclude that Proxima Centauri has no Jovian companions at orbital periods of 2–12 years. These results complement previously published M dwarf planet occurrence rates by providing astrometrically determined upper mass limits on potential super-Jupiter companions at orbits of two years and longer. As part of a continuing survey, these results are consistent with the paucity of super-Jupiter and brown dwarf companions we find among the over 250 red dwarfs within 25 pc observed longer than five years in our astrometric program.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: © 2014. The American Astronomical Society
ID number or DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/148/5/91
Keywords: Astrometry; carnegie exoplanet survey; habitable zone; harps search; interferometric astrometry; mass-luminosity-relation; photometric standard stars; planetary systems; radial-velocities; solar neighborhood; spectroscopic survey; stars: low-mass; super-earth; yr(-1) motion sample; Extrasolar planetary systems
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > Physics and Astronomy
Date Deposited: 09 May 2016 18:36
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/1865

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