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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): The prevailing neurobiological model and treatment

Margeson, Christopher J. (2011) Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): The prevailing neurobiological model and treatment. Counseling & Wellness: A Professional Counseling Journal, 2. pp. 74-88.

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Until recently, the specific neurological effects of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) on the brain were not well supported in the literature. It has been found that the limbic system is intimately involved in this disorder. Specifically, the hippocampus and the amygdala play a crucial role in the emotional memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Treatment for PTSD that addresses the limbic system has been shown to be highly effective in studies. Prolonged Exposure Therapy is treatment modality that activates the limbic system in order to reduce symptoms of PTSD. Counselors working with clients diagnosed with PTSD can conceptualize this disorder in a different way that demonstrates the neurobiological underpinnings that further supports the use of evidence-based treatment—prolonged exposure—to not only reduce symptoms of PTSD, but also to change the structure of the brain of these individuals. Counselors improved view of the neurobiological basis of PTSD will improve their case conceptualizations of their clients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Counseling & Wellness: A Professional Counseling Journal is published annually and dedicated to publishing refereed articles related to professional counseling in general and issues and counseling approaches that focus on wellness and personal adjustment. Publication priority was given to current Masters and Doctoral students from CACREP-accredited Counseling Programs with active Chi Sigma Iota Chapters. Counseling & Wellness: A Professional Counseling Journal is the official publication of the Beta Alpha Chapter of Chi Sigma Iota at Northern Arizona University.
Keywords: wellness, posttraumatic, stress, disorder, PTSD, treatment, neurobiological model
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Department/Unit: Journals > Counseling and Wellness Journal
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2016 21:16
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/2497

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