About OpenKnowledge@NAU | For NAU Authors

Within-species variation in foliar chemistry influences aquatic leaf litter decomposition

LeRoy, Carri J. and Whitham, Thomas G. and Wooley, Stuart C. and Marks, Jane C. (2007) Within-species variation in foliar chemistry influences aquatic leaf litter decomposition. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 26 (3). pp. 426-438. ISSN 0887-3593


Download (354kB) | Preview
Publisher’s or external URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1899/06-113.1


Leaf-litter inputs provide substrate and energy to stream systems. These contributions vary based on species-specific differences in litter quality, but little is known about how differences in litter quality within a species can affect ecosystem processes. Genetic variation within tree species, such as oaks and cottonwoods, affects ecosystem processes including decomposition and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems and has the potential to do the same in streams. We collected litter from 5 genotypes of each of 4 different cottonwood cross types (Populus fremontii, Populus angustifolia, and natural F1 and backcross hybrids), grown in a common garden, and measured their decomposition rates using litter bags in the Weber River, Utah. The proportion of 35 species-specific P. fremontii restriction-fragment length polymorphism markers in the genotype explained 46% and genetically controlled phytochemical mechanisms (e.g., % soluble condensed tannin in litter) explained .72% of the variation in leaf-litter decomposition rate, respectively. Understanding how natural genetic variation in plants can affect ecosystem processes will provide baseline information with which to address the loss of genetic variation (through habitat fragmentation and global change) and altered genetic variation through hybridization with cultivars and transgenic manipulations in the wild.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: Copyright 2007 by The North American Benthological Society
ID number or DOI: 10.1899/06-113.1
Keywords: aquatic–terrestrial interaction, Populus, hybrids, intraspecific variation, riparian restoration, fungal biomass
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > Biological Sciences
Date Deposited: 01 May 2017 20:35
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/2637

Actions (login required)

IR Staff Record View IR Staff Record View


Downloads per month over past year