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CO and C-2 absorption toward W40IRS 1a

Shuping, R. Y. and Snow, T. P. and Crutcher, R. and Lutz, Barry L. (1999) CO and C-2 absorption toward W40IRS 1a. Astrophysical Journal, 520 (1). pp. 149-157. ISSN 1538-4357


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Publisher’s or external URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/307426


The H II region W40 harbors a small group of young, hot stars behind roughly 9 mag of visual extinction. We have detected gaseous carbon monoxide (CO) and diatomic carbon (C-2) in absorption toward the star W40 IRS 1a. The J = 2-0 R0, R1, and R2 lines of (CO)-C-12 at 2.3 mu m were measured using the CSHELL on the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (with upper limits placed on R3, R4, and R5) yielding an N-CO of (1.1 +/- 0.2) x 10(18) cm(-2). Excitation analysis indicates T-kin > 7 K. The Phillips system of C-2 transitions near 8775 Angstrom was measured using the Kitt Peak 4 m telescope and echelle spectrometer. Radiative pumping models indicate a total C-2 column density of (7.0 +/- 0.4) x 10(14) cm(-2), two excitation temperatures (39 and 126 K), and a total gas density of n similar to 250 cm(-3). The CO ice band at 4.7 mu m was not detected, placing an upper limit on the CO depletion of delta < 1%. We postulate that the sight line has multiple translucent components and is associated with the W40 molecular cloud. Our data for W40 IRS 1a, coupled with other sight lines, shows that the ratio of CO/C-2 increases from diffuse through translucent environs. Finally, we show that the hydrogen-to-dust ratio seems to remain constant from diffuse to dense environments, whereas the CO-to-dust ratio apparently does not.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: © 1999 The American Astronomical Society. Published by IOP Publishing.
ID number or DOI: 10.1086/307426
Keywords: abundances; carbon-monoxide; diffuse interstellar-medium; dust, extinction; extinction; h-2; high-resolution; infrared : ISM : lines and bands; ISM : abundances; ISM : clouds; ISM : individual (W40); ISM : molecules; molecular cloud; PHOTODISSOCIATION; rotational-excitation; translucent clouds
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > Physics and Astronomy
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 17:48
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/426

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