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The changing landscape of conservation science funding in the United States

Bakker, Victoria J. and Baum, Julia K. and Brodie, Jedediah F. and Salomon, Anne K. and Dickson, Brett G. and Gibbs, Holly K. and Jensen, Olaf P. and McIntyre, Peter B. (2010) The changing landscape of conservation science funding in the United States. Conservation Letters, 3 (6). pp. 435-444. ISSN 1755-263X

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

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To understand the changing role of funding sources in shaping conservation science in the United States, we analyzed acknowledgments from published studies, trends in research funding, and survey responses from conservation scientists. Although the U.S. federal government was the most frequently acknowledged source of support overall, U.S. foundations and NGOs were the predominant sources for tropical and socioeconomic research. Acknowledgments of foundation support for conservation research increased over the last two decades, while recognition of federal funds declined. Concordant trends in funding and acknowledgments indicated a changing landscape for conservation science, in which federal support has not kept pace with the growth in conservation research efforts or needs. Survey responses from conservation scientists about their funding sources were consistent with acknowledgment data, and most (64%) indicated that shifts in funding sources and amounts affected the type of research they conduct. Ongoing changes in the funding landscape shape the direction of conservation research and may make conservation science more vulnerable to economic recessions.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License
ID number or DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00125.x
Keywords: Biology; Conservation funding; conservation investment; conservation NGOs; Conservation of natural resources; Conservation science; Costs; economy; Endowment of research; Finance; foundation; Nongovernmental organizations; output; philanthropy; Scientists -- United States; United States
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 17:28
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/503

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