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Student tutors for problem-based learning: A study of tutor actions

Moore, Tricia and Kain, Daniel L. (2011) Student tutors for problem-based learning: A study of tutor actions. Journal of Dental Education, 75 (6). pp. 805-816. ISSN 0022-0337

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This case study illuminates contextual factors related to the tutor experience when senior students served as tutors for sophomore students in a problem-based learning (PBL) course in a baccalaureate dental hygiene program. Data were collected using various sources and methods. Tutors and administrators were interviewed, those tutored completed an anonymous ques- tionnaire, the tutorial process and tutor training sessions were observed, and related documents were examined. Data analysis included open and axial coding, creation of tutor profiles, and identification of patterns. Tutor training included experiencing the PBL student role, attending class, and weekly seminar sessions facilitated by a tutor supervisor. Analysis revealed that tutor behaviors could be distinguished by the nature of intended actions (e.g., telling, asking, clarifying, acknowledging), emphasis of comments (process, content, social), and facilitation style (directive, suggestive, empowering). Patterns in tutor behavior and attitudes emerged related to comfort or growth and persistence or lenience. Differences in tutor understanding and perception of their role and the purpose of PBL appeared to influence the role the tutor assumed. Other factors that influenced tutor behavior included tutor intentions, tutor training, and environmental factors (e.g., time). The study, incorporating Fishbein’s integrative model, suggests points of influence on tutor behaviors.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: Copyright 2011 Journal of Dental Education
Related URLs:
Keywords: dental hygiene education, team-based learning, problem-based learning, faculty development, peer mentoring, pedagogy
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Health and Human Services > Dental Hygiene
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2016 17:02
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/2606

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