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Weaving the way: developmental education in three Southwestern tribally controlled colleges

Conn, Annabah B (2021) Weaving the way: developmental education in three Southwestern tribally controlled colleges. Doctoral thesis, Northern Arizona University.

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According to American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) data, 13.8% of American Indians 25 years and older have a bachelor’s degree. The single most important barrier to student success remains preparation (Adelman, 2006). Underprepared students are disproportionately students of color, students of low socioeconomic status, and students who would be the first in their family to attend college (Sparks and Malkus, 2013). Unfortunately, students who matriculate with limited educational, social, and economic resources disproportionately leave college without earning a degree or credential, limiting their abilities to achieve their goals for school and work (Adelman, Daniel and Berkovits, 2003). In the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) 2018 sample, less than one-quarter of community college students who enroll in remedial education complete a degree or certificate in eight years. Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs) play a dual role in their communities: education and perpetuation of tribal customs and culture. The growing number of Indigenous students testing into and taking remediation courses at TCUs has an enormous effect on their future opportunities in education, employment, politics, and society. The purpose of my study is to take an in-depth look at developmental education within three Tribal College and University settings in the southwestern United States – Tohono O’odham Community College (TOCC), Diné College (DC), and Navajo Technical University (NTU). While much research exists on developmental education in college, very little is known about developmental education specifically at TCUs—a gap in the literature that I address with this dissertation.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Publisher’s Statement: © Copyright is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Cline Library, Northern Arizona University. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Keywords: Developmental education; American Indian students; Tribal colleges; Remedial education; Tohono O'odham Community College; Dine College; Navajo Technical University
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Student
Department/Unit: Graduate College > Theses and Dissertations
College of Education > Educational Leadership
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2022 18:59
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 18:59
URI: https://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/5624

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