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Strain-specific single-nucleotide polymorphism assays for the Bacillus anthracis Ames strain

Van Ert, Matthew N. and Easterday, W. Ryan and Simonson, Tatum S. and U'Ren, Jana M. and Pearson, Talima and Kenefic, Leo J. and Busch, Joseph D. and Huynh, Lynn Y. and Dukerich, Megan and Trim, Carla B. and Beaudry, Jodi and Welty-Bernard, Amy and Read, Timothy and Fraser, Claire M. and Ravel, Jacques and Keim, Paul (2007) Strain-specific single-nucleotide polymorphism assays for the Bacillus anthracis Ames strain. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 45 (1). pp. 47-53. ISSN 1098-660X


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Publisher’s or external URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/jcm.01233-06


Highly precise diagnostics and forensic assays can be developed through a combination of evolutionary analysis and the exhaustive examination of genomic sequences. In Bacillus anthracis, whole-genome sequencing efforts revealed ca. 3,500 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) among eight different strains and evolutionary analysis provides the identification of canonical SNPs. We have previously shown that SNPs are highly evolutionarily stable, and the clonal nature of B. anthracis makes them ideal signatures for subtyping this pathogen. Here we identified SNPs that define the lineage of B. anthracis that contains the Ames strain, the strain used in the 2001 bioterrorist attacks in the United States. Sequencing and real-time PCR were used to validate these SNPs across B. anthracis strains, including (i) 88 globally and genetically diverse isolates; (ii) isolates that were shown to be genetic relatives of the Ames strain by multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA); and (iii) several different lab stocks of the Ames strain, including a clinical isolate from the 2001 letter attack. Six SNPs were found to be highly specific for the Ames strain; four on the chromosome, one on the pX01 plasmid, and one on the pX02 plasmid. All six SNPs differentiated the B. anthracis Ames strain from the 88 unique B. anthracis strains, while five of the six separated Ames from its close genetic relatives. The use of these SNPs coupled with real-time PCR allows specific and sensitive (<100 fg of template DNA) identification of the Ames strain. This evolutionary and genomics-based approach provides an effective means for the discovery of strain-specific SNPs in B. anthracis.

Item Type: Article
ID number or DOI: 10.1128/JCM.01233-06
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QR Microbiology
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > Biological Sciences
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2015 21:29
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/831

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