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The North American carbon program multi-scale synthesis and terrestrial model intercomparison project – Part 2: Environmental driver data

Wei, Y. and Liu, S. and Huntzinger, D.N. and Michalak, A. M. and Viovy, N. and Post, W. M. and Schwalm, C.R. and Schaefer, K. and Jacobson, A. R. and Lu, C. and Tian, H. and Ricciuto, D. M. and Cook, R. B. and Mao, J. and Shi, X. (2014) The North American carbon program multi-scale synthesis and terrestrial model intercomparison project – Part 2: Environmental driver data. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, 7. pp. 2875-2893. ISSN 1991-962X

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Ecosystems are important and dynamic components of the global carbon cycle, and terrestrial biospheric models (TBMs) are crucial tools in further understanding of how terrestrial carbon is stored and exchanged with the atmosphere across a variety of spatial and temporal scales. Improving TBM model skills, and quantifying and reducing their estimation uncertainties, pose significant challenges. The Multi-scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project (MsTMIP) is a formal multi-scale and multi-model intercomparison effort set up to tackle these challenges. The MsTMIP protocol prescribes standardized environmental driver data that are shared among model teams to facilitate model-model and model-observation comparisons. This paper describes the global and North American environmental driver data sets prepared for the MsTMIP activity to both support their use in MsTMIP and make these data, along with the processes used in selecting/processing these data, accessible to a broader audience. Based on project needs, we compiled climate, atmospheric CO2 concentrations, nitrogen deposition, land-use and land-cover change (LULCC), C3/C4 grasses fractions, major crops, phenology, and soil data into a standard format for global (0.5° x 0.5° resolution) and regional (North American, 0.25° x 0.25° resolution) simulations. In order to meet the needs of MsTMIP, improvements were made to several of the original environmental data sets, by changing the quality, the spatial and temporal coverage, resolution, or a combination of these. The resulting standardized model driver data sets are being used by over 20 different models participating MsTMIP. The data are archived at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC, http://daac.ornl.gov) to provide long-term data management and distribution.

Item Type: Article
Publisher’s Statement: © 2014, Copyright retained by Authors. Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0. Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union.
ID number or DOI: 10.5194/gmd-7-2875-2014
Related URLs:
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QK Botany
NAU Depositing Author Academic Status: Faculty/Staff
Department/Unit: College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Science > School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2015 20:26
URI: http://openknowledge.nau.edu/id/eprint/701

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